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​Bulgaria Transfers S-300 Missiles to Ukraine, But There Are Nuances There

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Bulgarian S-300 SAM system during exercises in 2015 / Photo: Alexander Mladenov, Key.Aero
Bulgarian S-300 SAM system during exercises in 2015 / Photo: Alexander Mladenov, Key.Aero

The transfer of missiles to the S-300 surface-to-air missile (SAM) system was agreed under an "unconventional procedure", while Ukraine will receive a small number of these missiles from Bulgaria

Bulgaria eventually agreed to transfer missiles to S-300 SAM system to Ukraine. In particular, the Bulgarian parliament has voted to transfer to Ukraine an unknown number of unserviceable S-300 surface-to-air missiles that could be repaired there. Apparently, this decision was very difficult for the Parliament of Bulgaria - first there was a three-hour open meeting, then the discussion moved behind closed doors, where, in particular, the head of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Bulgaria, Admiral Emil Eftimov, as well as the Deputy Commander of the Air Force, Brigadier General Petyo Mirchev took the floor.

Bulgaria Transfers S-300 Missiles to Ukraine, But There Are Nuances There, S-300 SAM system, Defense Express
S-300 SAM system / Photo: Bulgarian Air Force

In the end, it was decided to transfer to Ukraine missiles for the S-300 SAM system, as well as 5.45-mm ammunition, which will come from the surplus stocks of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the country, the Sofia Globe reports.

Read more: Bulgaria Declines $200 Million Offer From the US on S-300 Air Defense Systems for Ukraine

The Bulgarian edition emphasizes that this decision was not announced according to the usual official procedure, and journalists learned about the results of the vote for the transfer of S-300 SAMs to Ukraine from Delyan Peevski, the deputy of the Movement for Rights and Freedoms (DPS) party.

The main nuances in the transfer of these missiles were revealed by the head of the parliamentary defense committee, Hristo Gadjev. Firstly, we are talking about very old missiles that have already failed and could not be repaired in Bulgaria. But the Bulgarians are confident that specialists in Ukraine will be able to do it.

Bulgaria Transfers S-300 Missiles to Ukraine, But There Are Nuances There, The S-300 SAM system missile launch, Defense Express
The S-300 SAM system missile launch / Open source illustrative photo

Secondly, it is about the minimum number of missiles up to S-300 that Bulgaria plans to supply to Ukraine. Although this number is not disclosed, Eftimov previously stated that it is only 3-5% of all missiles in the country.

Of course, Ukraine needs any help with which Ukrainian S-300 SAM systems can destroy as many targets in the air as possible, and it all boils down to whether these missiles can be fixed.

We will remind you that the story of the transfer of Bulgarian S-300 anti-aircraft missile systems and missiles to Ukraine dates back to last year, when Ukraine submitted a request for the transfer of these weapons.

At the same time, already this year, in July, it became known that the USA wanted to buy S-300 from Bulgaria for Ukraine for $200 mln., but Bulgaria again refused, referring to the fact that it will not supply weapons to Ukraine even within the framework of "round exchanges".

Read more: The Hundred Bulgarian BTRs for Ukraine Might Have at Least One Serious Flaw