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French Army Got Into Service New Anti-Drone Combat Vehicle - It Could be Interesting for Ukraine

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Illustrative photo - The VAB ARLAD is the new counter-drone armored vehicle of the French Army
Illustrative photo - The VAB ARLAD is the new counter-drone armored vehicle of the French Army

The French Army has officially deployed its first VAB ARLAD anti-drone combat vehicles

According to the Army Recognition, it was announced by the French Army's Technical Section (STAT) on April 13, 2024. The VAB ARLAD entered into service at the French Army All-Arms Air Defense Training Center (LATTA) under the 17th Artillery Group in Biscarosse, in southwestern France.

VAB ARLAD is designed to improve the French Army's defenses against increasingly prevalent drone threats on the battlefield. The vehicle is equipped with advanced technologies, including a 12.7 mm machine gun modified with an "airburst" capability via a 40 mm grenade launcher and a sophisticated radar system capable of detecting drones from up to 2500 meters away.

Read more: Ukrainian Solutions to Anti-Drone Warfare: Kvertus on Developments Refined by War

Despite the advanced capabilities of the VAB ARLAD, concerns have been raised about the adequacy of the fleet size. With only 12 units entering service, deputies Jean-Louis Thiériot and Natalia Pouzyreff have criticized the deployment as insufficient to equip the ground forces coherently. However, the Military Programming Law (LPM) for 2024-2030 includes plans to enhance the Ground Forces' anti-air defenses further with the addition of 36 VBMR-L Serval vehicles, including 24 equipped with MISTRAL missile systems, demonstrating France's commitment to bolstering its defensive capabilities against aerial threats."

VAB ARLAD
VAB ARLAD

The VAB ARLAD anti-drone combat system represents a state-of-the-art modification of the traditional VAB, a wheeled armored vehicle in service with the French army in several configurations. This system integrates a sophisticated drone detection radar, mounted on a telescopic mast for enhanced visibility and tracking capabilities. It is armed with a remotely operated turret featuring an M151 Protector automatic machine gun, capable of firing 12.7 mm rounds. Additionally, the vehicle can be also armed with a 40 mm grenade launcher, able to fire airburst ammunition. This combination of firepower and advanced surveillance technology allows the VAB ARLAD to effectively neutralize drone threats, providing a significant boost to anti-drone defense measures in combat scenarios.

Airburst ammunition is particularly effective against drones due to its unique detonation mechanism, which allows it to explode in the air near the target. This capability is especially advantageous when dealing with small, fast-moving, and agile targets like drones. Unlike traditional ammunition, which requires a direct hit to incapacitate or destroy a target, airburst rounds are engineered to detonate at a predetermined distance from the target, maximizing the likelihood of disabling or eliminating the drone even without a direct impact.

The process begins with the drone being detected and its trajectory tracked using radar or other sensor systems. Once the target is acquired, the airburst round is fired along a calculated trajectory that intercepts the drone's path. The key to its effectiveness lies in the timing of the explosion, which is meticulously controlled to maximize the spread of shrapnel at the optimal moment, thereby increasing the chances of striking the fast-moving drone. This method of engagement allows for a higher probability of neutralization, making airburst ammunition a highly valuable asset in modern anti-drone warfare.

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