Between February 24, 2022 and November 2023, official russian MoD forces likely suffered between 180,000 and 240,000 personnel wounded and approximately 50,000 killed. Wagner Group mercenaries likely suffered approximately 40,000 wounded and 20,000 killed, the UK Defense Intelligence reports.
Therefore, overall, the russian side has likely suffered around 220,000-280,000 wounded and approximately 70,000 killed. This gives an estimated range of between 290,000 and 350,000 total russian combatant casualties. The median of the estimate range is 320,000 total russian combatant casualties.
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Even amongst russian officials there is likely a low level of understanding about total casualty figures because of a long-established culture of dishonest reporting within the military.
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