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​EU Comprehensively Transforms its Defense Industry and Integrates Ukraine in the New Development Plan for 2025–2030

Open-source illustrative photo
Open-source illustrative photo
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The European Union tries to crank up the military-industrial complex and by 2030 award half of the weapons orders to manufacturers within the EU

For the first time, the European Commission proposed to adopt a common defense industrial strategy for all EU members. The plan is meant to navigate the transition from temporary measures adopted by the EU, expiring in 2024, to a structured unified defense policy.

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The statement and associated documents, published by the European Commission, outline a list of specific figures for the member countries to achieve by 2030, namely:

  • buy at least 40% of the defense equipment in collaboration with other EU members
  • ensure that the value of intra-EU defense trade represents at least 35% of the value of the EU defense market (trade defense goods between EU countries instead of with other countries)
  • spend at least 50% of their defense procurement budget on products made in Europe, reaching 60% by 2035
EU Comprehensively Transforms its Defense Industry and Integrates Ukraine in the New Development Plan for 2025–2030 / Open-source illustrative photo
Open-source illustrative photo

In general, the strategy is aimed at strengthening the defense industry of the European Union, attracting more investment, and achieving greater flexibility in production and its scaling, etc.

Importantly, one of the provisions of this strategy mentions that its implementation will "enhance the EU's defense industrial cooperation with Ukraine and support the development of its defense industrial and technological base." For that purpose, Ukraine will be able to participate in the EU program in support of the defense industry.

The document also outlines the financial aspect: €1.5 billion will be mobilized from the EU budget over the period 2025–2027 for defense programs. This money will be used for direct investment in small and medium business manufacturers, which are not final assemblers of weapons, but suppliers of components.

It should stimulate and transform the established network of supply chains. For this, a special Fund to Accelerate defense Supply chains Transformation (FAST) will be created, the fund will allow receiving investments and equity financing.

EU Comprehensively Transforms its Defense Industry and Integrates Ukraine in the New Development Plan for 2025–2030 / Open-source illustrative photo
Open-source illustrative photo

Also, this money will go directly to the expansion of defense and industrial cooperation with Ukraine. The strategy offers to use the windfall profits of frozen russian assets to jointly purchase military equipment for Ukraine.

In addition, the plan aims to simplify the legal framework in order to facilitate the movement of defense products and finances for defense projects within the EU.

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